Spider Vein Treatments: How Sclerotherapy Works
Spider veins or telangiectasia are blood vessels which are visible through the skin as a network of red, blue, or purple lines. They can appear as a result of blood clots, hormonal changes, genetics, health issues, some medications, and obesity among other reasons. Regardless of their cause, spider veins can be a bother to the victims.
When pronounced, they can make the person apprehensive and self-conscious. The condition is painful in some circumstances. People across the globe have explored various spider vein treatments over the years to control the disorder.
Keep on reading to learn more about Sclerotherapy and how it's used in spider vein treatment.
The Formation of Spider Veins
The work of veins is to transport deoxygenated blood from organs and tissues to the heart. To enhance the relatively low blood pressure in the veins, the vessels pump the blood towards the heart through contractions. Some veins have unidirectional valves which prevent back-flow.
The veins can become varicose (bulged) if the valves fail to perform. The swelling affects the smaller veins which feed varicose veins making them appear reddish or bluish beneath the skin. These colored veins are known as spider veins.
Varicose veins can lead to venous insufficiency, which manifests as a chronic swelling on the leg. It may also appear as blood clots or skin ulceration. The treatment of spider veins and venous insufficiency is necessary both for medical and cosmetic reasons.
Among the tested spider vein treatments, Sclerotherapy stands out due to its effectiveness and ease of administration.
Sclerotherapy in Spider Vein Treatment
Sclerotherapy is the most prevalent method of treating spider veins and the vessels of the lymphatic system. It may also help to diminish varicose veins and the effects of venous malformations. The procedure involves injecting a medicine into the affected vein to shrink it.
Preparation for Sclerotherapy
The physician can use ultrasound to define the site and the extent of the venous malformation before performing Sclerotherapy. This kind of screening is not necessary when the spider veins are in a small area.
Administering the Treatment
Sclerotherapy for spider veins is a fast procedure which can be over in minutes without the need for anesthesia. The first step is to identify the spider veins and to disinfect the affected skin patch.
The physician then injects a sclerosing solution in the spider vein using a fine gauge needle. To prevent any bleeding, you need to apply pressure on the injection site after removing the needle
Sclerotherapy is highly-effective when done professionally. It causes minimal pain if any, and patients can take the procedure repeatedly until all spider veins disappear.
The work of the sclerosing solution is to scar the inner side of the spider veins to seal them. Consequently, the blood reroutes to other healthier vessels in the tissue. With no blood passing through the treated vessels, they fade and disappear within a few weeks.
What to Expect
Most medical procedures have some degree of risk. Fortunately, Sclerotherapy has not portrayed any considerable dangers. Since it is a widespread procedure in the cosmetic world, physicians should explain to the patient what they should expect.
Under normal circumstances, Sclerotherapy does affect your typical day. You can resume normal activities soon after the treatment.
To enhance the results, your physician may recommend a compression stocking to improve blood circulation on the treated tissues. Although the sclerosing solution may take some time to act, the treated spider veins will ultimately shrink and vanish.
Candidates for Sclerotherapy
People who suffer from venous insufficiency and cannot control it using compression garments should consider Sclerotherapy. However, the physician may decide to explore another solution for overweight patients. Likewise, people who feel concerned about their unpleasant spider veins are suitable candidates for Sclerotherapy.
Candidates for Sclerotherapy should be medically fit before receiving the treatment to avoid possible complications. They should not have clotting problems, and females should neither be expectant nor lactating.
Sclerotherapy versus Laser and Surgical Treatments
The procedure works better than laser treatment, a more sophisticated method of technique. New spider veins can reappear after a laser treatment. To prevent a recurrence after sclerotherapy, the sclerosing solution closes the small feeder veins around the affected area.
It is also non-invasive, making it more appropriate for dealing with spider veins than varicose vein surgery. Surgical operations usually take time to complete and for the patient to recover.
Possible Side Effects
Some patients may experience hyperpigmentation, a dark discoloration around the treated area. The reason for this is the degeneration of red blood cells in the injected vessels. The pigment usually disappears in a few months.
Spider Vein Treatments - The Bottom Line
Sclerotherapy has been successful in eliminating spider veins and varicose veins for decades. Although there are other procedures for dealing with the same, this therapy proves that it's superior through its persistence.
This procedure has cosmetic and health benefits. Spider veins may not pose a medical risk, but most people feel better when they are not visible.
Sclerotherapy does not require hospitalization. The injection can take place at the office of a vein specialist. This makes it one of the most affordable spider vein treatments.
Most Sclerotherapy procedures for spider veins do not exceed 20 minutes. Better still, one can resume normal activities the same day.
Spider veins are not only a cosmetic problem for some people. Some patients experience pain and discomfort in the affected limbs. Sclerotherapy is an ideal resolution for such conditions.
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* All information subject to change. Images may contain models. Individual results are not guaranteed and may vary.